Taxa Associated with the Family Ocythoidae Gray, 1849

Michael J. Sweeney and Richard E. Young

(data as of June 2002)

Nominal Genus-Level Taxa

Hectocotylus Cuvier, 1829:147.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Ocythoe Rafinesque, 1814 [fide Unresolved]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Hectocotylus octopodis Cuvier, 1829; species first mentioned [in Vermes]

Ocythoe Rafinesque, 1814:29.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid genus [fide Robson (1932:201)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Ocythoe tuberculata Rafinesque, 1814 by monotypy

Parasira Steenstrup, 1861:333.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Ocythoe Rafinesque, 1814 [fide Robson (1932:201)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Octopus catenulata Ferussac, 1834 In Ferussac and D'Orbigny, 1834-1848 by monotypy

Nominal Species-Level Taxa (As Introduced Binomial)

Ocythoe antiquorum Leach, 1817b:139.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Argonauta argo Linne, 1758 [fide Robson (1932:182)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- BMNH Holotype 1993015 [fide Lipinski et al. (2000:109)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Mediterranean

Octopus carenae Verany, 1839:92, pl 2.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Ocythoe tuberculata Rafinesque, 1814 [fide Robson (1932:201)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Unresolved; MHNN? [other taxa there fide G.L. Voss (pers. comm.)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Mediterranean

Octopus catenulata Ferussac, 1834
In Ferussac and D'Orbigny, 1834-1848:87, Poulpe pls 6bis, 6ter
[fide Tillier and Boucher-Rodoni (1994:101); authorship and taxon dated from plate]

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Ocythoe tuberculata Rafinesque, 1814 [fide Robson (1932:201)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- MNHN Type; specimen not extant [fide Lu et al. (1995:313)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Mediterranean coasts [fide Lu et al. (1995:313)]

Ocythoe cranchii Leach, 1817a:295, pl 12.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. --?Argonauta hians Lightfoot, 1786 [fide Robson (1932:192)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- BMNH Holoype (1 saved of several) [fide Leach (1817a:295)]; not found [fide Lipinski et al. (2000:114)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Gulf of Guinea

Tremoctopus doderleini Ortmann, 1888:642, pl 20.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Ocythoe tuberculata Rafinesque, 1814 [fide Berry (1912:385)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- MZUS Holotype [fide Johnson (1977:236)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Tokyo Bay, Japan

Tremoctopus hirondellei Joubin, 1895:10, pl 1 figs 1-2, pl 2 figs 1-3.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Argonauta or Ocythoe [fide Thomas (1977:386)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- MOM Holotype [station 151] [fide Belloc (1950:3)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- 44°28'56"N, 46°48'15"W (Atlantic Ocean)

Ocythoe mezzaro Risso, 1854:49, pl 23 figs 1-2.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. --?Tremoctopus sp. [fide Unresolved]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Unresolved
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Areas of fine sand [?Nice]

Octopus pictus Blainville, 1828 In 1828-1830:8, pl 1 fig 3.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Ocythoe tuberculata Rafinesque, 1814 [fide Robson (1932:201)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Unresolved
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Mediterranean Sea

Ocythoe punctata Say, 1819:107.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Argonauta sp. [fide Robson (1929:215)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Unresolved; ANSP? Holotype [not traced by Spamer and Bogan (1992)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Atlantic Ocean near the North American coast (from stomach of dolphin)

Octopus (Ocythoe) raricyathus Blainville, 1826:194.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Undetermined [Argonauta?]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- MNHN Holotype; specimen not extant [fide Lu et al. (1995:323)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Not designated

Ocythoe tuberculata Rafinesque, 1814:29.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species [fide Robson (1932:201)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Type eaten by Rafinesque [fide Rafinesque (1840:64)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Not designated [Sicily?]

Ocythoe velata Risso, 1854:pl 24.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Tremoctopus violaceus Chiaie, 1830 In 1823-1831 [fide Adam (1942:21)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Not designated

Octopus violaceus Risso, 1854:73, pl 32.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. --?Ocythoe tuberculata Rafinesque, 1814 [fide Adam (1942:30)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Gravel or rocky areas [?Nice]

Type Repositories

ANSP-Academy of Natural Sciences, 19th & The Parkway, Philadelphia, PA 19103, U.S.A. [Voss (1962); Spamer and Bogan (1992)]

BMNH-The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, England (formerly British Museum (Natural History)). [For type catalog see Lipinski et al. (2000)]

MHNN-Museum d'Histoire Naturelle (Musee Barla), 60 bis blvd Risso, 06300 Nice, France.

MNHN-Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Laboratoire Biologie Invertebres Marins et Malacologie, 55, rue de Buffon, 75005 Paris 05, France. [For type catalog see Lu et al. (1995)]

MOM- Musée Océanographique, Avenue Saint-Martin, Monaco-Ville, MC 98000, Monaco. [For type catalog see Belloc (1950)]

MZUS-Musée Zoologique, Universite Louis Pasteur & de la Ville de Strasbourg, 29 Boulevard de la Victoire, F67000 Strasbourg, FRANCE. [See Johnson (1977) for Ortmann types]


Adam, W. 1942. Notes sur les Céphalopodes, XXI.- A propos d'une publication peu connue de A. Risso, 1854. Bulletin du Musée royal d'Histoire naturelle de Belgique, 18(25):1-36.

Belloc, G. 1950. Catalogue des types de Céphalopodes du Musée Océanographique de Monaco. Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique, 970:1-10.

Berry, S.S. 1912. A catalogue of Japanese Cephalopoda. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 64(2):380-444, 5 plates.

Blainville, H.D.d' 1826. Poulpe, Octopus (Malacoz.). Dictionnaire des Science Naturelles, 43:170-214. [published September 1826]?

Blainville, H.D.d' 1828-1830. Malacozoaires. Faune Francaise, ou Histoire naturelle, générale et particuliere des Animaux qui se trouvent en France. 320 pages, 41 plates. Paris.

delle Chiaie, S. 1823-1831. Memoire sulla storia e notomia degli Animali senza vertibre del Regno di Napoli. 4 volumes, atlas. Napoli. [dates of publication listed in Isis, 1836:291]

Cuvier, G. 1829. Mèmoire sur un ver parasite d'un nouveau genre (Hectocotylus octopodis). Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris, (series 1)18:147-156.

Ferussac, A.E. de, and A. D'Orbigny. 1834-1848. Histoire Naturelle Générale et Particuliere Céphalopodes Acétabulifères Vivants et Fossiles. 96 pages + lvi pages + 361 pages, Atlas with 144 plates. Paris. [See Winkworth (1942) for dates of publication]

Gray, J.E. 1849. Catalogue of the Mollusca in the British Museum. Part I. Cephalopoda Antepedia. 164 pages. London.

Johnson, R.I. 1977. Arnold Edward Ortmann, a bibliography of his work on mollusks, with a catalogue of his Recent molluscan taxa. Occasional Papers on Mollusks, 4(58):229-244.

Joubin, L. 1895. Contribution a l'Estude des Céphalopodes de l'Atlantique Nord. Resultats des campagnes scientifiques accomplies sur yacht par Albert I Prince souverain de Monaco, 9:1-63, 6 plates.

Leach, W.E. 1817a. Observations on the genus Ocythoe of Rafinesque, with a description of a new species. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 107(2):293-296, 1 plate.

Leach, W.E. 1817b. Synopsis of the orders, families, and genera of the class Cephalopoda. The Zoological Miscellany; being descriptions of new or interesting animals, 3(30):137-141.

Lightfoot, J. 1786. A Catalogue of the Portland Museum. 194 pages. London.

Linné, C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. 824 pages. Holmiae.

Lipinski, M.R., F.A. Naggs, and M.A. Roeleveld. 2000. Catalogue of types of Recent cephalopods in the collection of the Natural History Museum, London. Annales Zoologici (Warszawa), 50(1):101-120.

Lu, C.C., R. Boucher-Rodoni and A. Tillier. 1995. Catalogue of types of Recent Cephalopoda in the Museum national d'Histoire Naturelle (France). Bulletin du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, (series 4)17(3-4):307-343.

Ortmann, A. 1888. Japanische Cephalopoden. Zoologische Jahrbücher, (Systematik), 3:639-670, 6 plates.

Rafinesque, C.S. 1814. Precis des Decouvertes et Travaux Somiologiques de Mr. C.S. Rafinesque-Schmaltz entre 1800 et 1814 ou choix raisonne de ses principales Decouvertes en Zoologie et en Botanique. 56 pages. Palermo.

Rafinesque, C.S. 1840. On the 3 genera of cephalopodes, Ocythoe, Todarus and Anisoctus, pp. 63-65. The Good Book, and Amenities of Nature, or Annals of Historical and Natural Sciences. 84 pages. Philadelphia. [Figures never published]

Risso, A. 1854. Mollusques Cephalopodes vivants observes dans les parage mediterraneen du Comte de Nice. 81 pages, 33 plates, Nice.

Robson, G.C. 1929. A Monograph of the Recent Cephalopoda. Part I Octopodinae. 236 pages, 89 figures, 7 plates. London: British Museum.

Robson, G.C. 1932. A Monograph of the Recent Cephalopoda. Part II. The Octopoda. 359 pages, 79 figures, 6 plates. London: British Museum.

Say, T. 1819. On the genus Ocythoe; being an extract of a letter from Thomas Say, Esq. of Philadelphia, to Wm. Elford Leach, M.D.F.R.S. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 109(1):107-111.

Spamer, E.E. and A.E. Bogan. 1992. Catalog of the types of neontological Mollusca of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Part 7: Cephalopoda and Scaphopoda. Tryonia, 24:1-13.

Steenstrup, J. 1861. Foreviste derpaa en Afdeling af Museets seneste Forogelser af Blaeksprutteklassen, saerligen Octopodformer fra Middelhavet, og gav Bemaerkninger om de enkelte Arter, fornemlig efter det Veranyske Cephalopodvaerk.? Videnskabelige Meddekekser fra deb Naturhistoriske Forening i Kjobenhavn, 1860:332-333.

Thomas, R.F. 1977. Systematics, distribution and biology of cephalopods of the genus Tremoctopus (Octopoda: Tremoctopodidae). Bulletin of Marine Science, 27(3):353-392, 18 figures.

Tillier, A., and R. Boucher-Rodoni. 1994. Ferussac and d'Orbigny's "Histoire naturelle générale et particuliere des Céphalopodes acétabulifères": Dates of Publication of Plates and Text.? Nautilus, 107(3)[1993]:97-103. [Actual publication date 2 Feb. 1994]

Vérany, J.B. 1839. Memoire sur six nouvelles especes de Cephalopodes trouves dans la Mediterranee a Nice. Memoire della Reale Accademia della Science di Torino, (series 2)1:91-98, 6 plates.

Voss, G.L. 1962. List of the types and species of cephalopods in the collections of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Notulae Naturae, 356:1-7.

Winkworth, R. 1942. Notes on the publication of Ferussac and Orbignyís Histoire des Cephalopodes. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 25(1):34-36.

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University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA

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