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taxon links [up-->]Pyrrhura lepida [up-->]Pyrrhura hoematotis [up-->]Pyrrhura rhodocephala [up-->]Pyrrhura molinae [up-->]Pyrrhura picta [up-->]Pyrrhura griseipectus [up-->]Pyrrhura hoffmanni [up-->]Pyrrhura pfrimeri [up-->]Pyrrhura albipectus [up-->]Pyrrhura frontalis [up-->]Pyrrhura viridicata [up-->]Pyrrhura orcesi [up-->]Pyrrhura amazonum [down<--]Arini Interpreting the tree
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This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.

The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

example of a tree diagram

You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.

For more information on ToL tree formatting, please see Interpreting the Tree or Classification. To learn more about phylogenetic trees, please visit our Phylogenetic Biology pages.

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Relationships after Ribas et al. 2006 and Joseph 2002

Containing group: Arini


Joseph, L. 2000. Beginning an end to 63 years of uncertainty: the Neotropical parakeets Pyrrhura picta and P. leucotis comprise more than two species. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phil. 150:279–292.

Joseph, L. 2002. Geographical variation, taxonomy and distribution of some Amazonian Pyrrhura parakeets. Ornitologia Neotropical 13:337-363.

Joseph, L. and D. Stockwell. 2002. Climatic modeling of the distribution of some Pyrrhura parakeets of Northwestern South America with notes on their systematics and special reference to Pyrrhura caeruleiceps Todd, 1947. Ornitologia Neotropical 13:1–8.

Ribas, C. C., L. Joseph, and C. Y. Miyaki. 2006. Molecular systematics and patterns of diversification in Pyrrhura (Psittacidae), with special reference to the Picta-Leucotis complex. Auk 123:660-680.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Pyrrhura griseipectus
Location Serra de Baturité - Ceará, Brazil
Comments Local: Serra de Baturité - Ceará.
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Pyrrhura griseipectus_Grey-breasted Parakeet
Source Collection Flickr
Copyright © 2007 Ciro Albano
Scientific Name Pyrrhura frontalis
Location Ilhabela, São Paulo, Brasil
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source TIRIBA-DE-TESTA-VERMELHA ( Pyrrhura frontalis)
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2008 Dario Sanches
About This Page

Page: Tree of Life Pyrrhura. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2009. Pyrrhura. Version 15 February 2009 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Pyrrhura/91641/2009.02.15 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

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