Under Construction

Mycalesina Reuter 1896

Andrew V. Z. Brower
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Containing group: Satyrini

Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships

Torres et al. (2001) published a molecular phylogenetic hypothesis for a number of Madagascan taxa, based on short regions of COII and cytB. However, their cladogram suggested the reciprocal paraphyly of Henotesia and Bicyclus, as well as the embedding of Mycalesis francisca well within Henotesia. Due to its drastic implications for the current understanding of mycalesine taxonomy, this topology is not presented, pending the accumulation of additional evidence.


Ackery PR, Smith CR, and Vane-Wright RI eds. 1995. Carcasson's African butterflies. Canberra: CSIRO.

Torres E, Lees DC, Vane-Wright RI, Kremen C, Leonard JA, and Wayne RK. 2001. Examining monophyly in a large radiation of Madagascan butterflies (Lepidoptera: Satyrinae: Mycalesina) based on mitochondrial DNA data. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 20: 460-473.

Vane-Wright RI and De Jong R. 2003. The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island fauna. Zoologische Verhandelingen 343, 1-267.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Mycalesis perseus blasius
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source pic09
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2005 Weiting Liu
Scientific Name Bicyclus safitza
Location Africa
Comments Common Bush Brown Bicyclus safitza safitza , (Hewitson, 1851), Family Satyrinae – Wingspan M 40-43 cm, F 45-48 cm. The flower is from an Erythrina or Coral tree family. This is the most common brown b’fly in Africa & found almost anywhere where forests and thick vegetation occur. The M is dark brown, the F slightly lighter. Both have the eye-spots on the upperside of the forewing, often indistinct and also eye-spots on the underside of the forewing & also sometimes on the hindwing. They fly throughout the year, more in summer than in winter, & summer forms are more distinctly marked than their winter counterparts. Its flight is weak and floppy, and it seldom flies long. It looks like a dead leaf when settled on the leafy foliage of the forest floor.
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Collection Flickr
Copyright © 2006 Callie de Wet
About This Page

Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at

Page: Tree of Life Mycalesina Reuter 1896. Authored by Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2006. Mycalesina Reuter 1896. Version 09 December 2006 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Mycalesina/70799/2006.12.09 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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