A primarily Old World subfamily with a distinctive leg-carapace stridulatory mechanism. The New World has only Marchena minuta and the neotropical bark-dwellers Helvetia and Yepoella. There are hints that social aggregations may be common throughout the group (Maddison, 1987).
The heliophaninae is delimited by two characters (Maddison, 1987):
- a stridulatory apparatus consisting of seta-bearing tubercles on the first leg femur and rugose carapace-sides
- a bump on the tegulum
Maddison, W. P. 1987. Marchena and other jumping spiders with an apparent leg-carapace stridulatory mechanism (Araneae: Salticidae: Heliophaninae and Thiodininae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 7: 101-106.
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Citing this page:
Maddison, Wayne. 1995. Heliophaninae. Version 01 January 1995 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Heliophaninae/2850/1995.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/