Under Construction


Barbarochthon brunneum


Karl Kjer
Containing group: Sericostomatoidea


This endemic South African family was established by Scott (1985, 1993) to accommodate a single species, Barbarochthon brunneum Barnard, first described in the Sericostomatidae (Barnard 1934). The small dark brown adults have a conspicuous cream colored pronotum and are common in the western and southern Cape region at mid- to high elevations. Larvae occur in both fast-flowing torrents as well as pools, and are typically associated with marginal vegetation, including clumps of submerged Scirpus; they feed as leaf detritivores. From Holzenthal et al. (2007).


Larval Barbarochthon make long, slender, curved, tapered cases made entirely of darkened silk except for some transverse rows of small sand grains towards the posterior end.

Other Names for Barbarochthon brunneum


Barnard, K.H. (1934) South African caddis-flies (Trichoptera). Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, 21, 291394.

Holzenthal R.W., Blahnik, R.J., Prather, A.L., and Kjer K.M. 2007a. Order Trichoptera Kirby 1813 (Insecta), Caddisflies. In: Zhang, Z.-Q., and Shear, W.A. (Eds). 2007 Linneaus Tercentenary: Progress in Invertebrate Taxonomy. Zootaxa. 58 pp. 1668:639-698

Scott, K.M.F. (1985) Order Trichoptera (caddis flies). In: Scholtz, C.H. & Holm, E. (Eds.) Insects of

Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban, pp. 327340.

Scott, K.M.F. (1993) Three recently erected Trichoptera families from South Africa, the Hydrosalpingidae, Petrothrincidae and Barbarochthonidae (Integripalpia: Sericostomatidae) [with a contribution by F.C. de Moor]. Annals of the Cape Provincial Museums (Natural History), 18, 293354.

About This Page

Karl Kjer
Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Karl Kjer at

Page: Tree of Life Barbarochthonidae. Barbarochthon brunneum. Barbarochthon. Authored by Karl Kjer. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Kjer, Karl. 2010. Barbarochthonidae. Barbarochthon brunneum. Barbarochthon. Version 20 July 2010 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Barbarochthon_brunneum/14645/2010.07.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

edit this page
close box

This page is a Tree of Life Leaf Page.

Each ToL leaf page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a leaf at the tip of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a leaf and a branch of the Tree of Life is that a leaf cannot generally be further subdivided into subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

close box

Barbarochthon brunneum

Page Content

articles & notes



Explore Other Groups

random page

  go to the Tree of Life home page