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IntroductionThe family was established by Flint (1981) for 2 Chilean species formerly included in the Sericostomatidae: Contulma cranifer Flint and Anomalopsyche minuta Schmid. It is the only caddisfly family fully endemic to the Neotropics and now contains 26 species (Holzenthal & Flint 1995, Holzenthal & Robertson 2006), distributed in the mountainous regions from Costa Rica south to Chile and in the highlands of southeastern Brazil. The larvae of both genera have been described (Flint 1981, Holzenthal & Flint 1995) and inhabit seeps, spring-runs, and small to medium-sized streams in forested areas as well as those above the tree line in the northern Andes. Many species frequent the splash zone of waterfalls and cascades, where they are often found in aquatic moss. The larvae have scraping mandibles and more than likely feed on periphyton. They build cylindrical, slightly curved cases of sand grains. As a whole, members of the family are rare and infrequently collected; adults fly to lights, but are as easily collected with an aerial net during the day. Taken from Holzenthal et al. 2007.
Flint, O.S., Jr. (1981) Studies of Neotropical caddisflies, XXVII: Anomalopsychidae, a new family of Trichoptera. In: Moretti, G.P. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Trichoptera. Dr. W. Junk Publishers, The Hague, pp. 75–85.
Holzenthal R.W., Blahnik, R.J., Prather, A.L., and Kjer K.M. 2007. Order Trichoptera Kirby 1813 (Insecta), Caddisflies. In: Zhang, Z.-Q., and Shear, W.A. (Eds). 2007 Linneaus Tercentenary: Progress in Invertebrate Taxonomy. Zootaxa. 58 pp. 1668:639-698
Holzenthal, R.W. & Flint, O.S., Jr. (1995) Studies of Neotropical caddisflies, LI: systematics of the Neotropical caddisfly genus Contulma (Trichoptera: Anomalopsychidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 575, 1–59.
Holzenthal, R.W. & Robertson, D.R. (2006) Four new species of Contulma from South America (Trichoptera: Anomalopsychidae). Zootaxa, 1355, 49–59.
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Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
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Page: Tree of Life Anomalopsychidae. Authored by Karl Kjer. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 17 July 2010
- Content changed 20 July 2010
Citing this page:
Kjer, Karl. 2010. Anomalopsychidae. Version 20 July 2010 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Anomalopsychidae/14628/2010.07.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/