Under Construction


Karl Kjer taxon links [down<--]Sericostomatoidea Interpreting the tree
close box

This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.

The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

example of a tree diagram

You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.

For more information on ToL tree formatting, please see Interpreting the Tree or Classification. To learn more about phylogenetic trees, please visit our Phylogenetic Biology pages.

close box
Containing group: Sericostomatoidea


The family was established by Flint (1981) for 2 Chilean species formerly included in the Sericostomatidae: Contulma cranifer Flint and Anomalopsyche minuta Schmid. It is the only caddisfly family fully endemic to the Neotropics and now contains 26 species (Holzenthal & Flint 1995, Holzenthal & Robertson 2006), distributed in the mountainous regions from Costa Rica south to Chile and in the highlands of southeastern Brazil. The larvae of both genera have been described (Flint 1981, Holzenthal & Flint 1995) and inhabit seeps, spring-runs, and small to medium-sized streams in forested areas as well as those above the tree line in the northern Andes. Many species frequent the splash zone of waterfalls and cascades, where they are often found in aquatic moss. The larvae have scraping mandibles and more than likely feed on periphyton. They build cylindrical, slightly curved cases of sand grains. As a whole, members of the family are rare and infrequently collected; adults fly to lights, but are as easily collected with an aerial net during the day.  Taken from Holzenthal et al. 2007.


Flint, O.S., Jr. (1981) Studies of Neotropical caddisflies, XXVII: Anomalopsychidae, a new family of Trichoptera. In: Moretti, G.P. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Trichoptera. Dr. W. Junk Publishers, The Hague, pp. 7585.

Holzenthal R.W., Blahnik, R.J., Prather, A.L., and Kjer K.M. 2007. Order Trichoptera Kirby 1813 (Insecta), Caddisflies. In: Zhang, Z.-Q., and Shear, W.A. (Eds). 2007 Linneaus Tercentenary: Progress in Invertebrate Taxonomy. Zootaxa. 58 pp. 1668:639-698

Holzenthal, R.W. & Flint, O.S., Jr. (1995) Studies of Neotropical caddisflies, LI: systematics of the Neotropical caddisfly genus Contulma (Trichoptera: Anomalopsychidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 575, 159.

Holzenthal, R.W. & Robertson, D.R. (2006) Four new species of Contulma from South America (Trichoptera: Anomalopsychidae). Zootaxa, 1355, 4959.

About This Page

Karl Kjer
Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Karl Kjer at

Page: Tree of Life Anomalopsychidae. Authored by Karl Kjer. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Kjer, Karl. 2010. Anomalopsychidae. Version 20 July 2010 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Anomalopsychidae/14628/2010.07.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

edit this page
close box

This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

close box


Page Content

articles & notes



Explore Other Groups

random page

  go to the Tree of Life home page