Taxa Associated with the Family Pyroteuthidae Pfeffer, 1912

Michael J. Sweeney and Richard E. Young

(data as of June 2002)

Nominal Genus-Level Taxa

Charibditeuthis Vivanti, 1912:91.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Pyroteuthis Hoyle, 1904 [fide Nesis (1987:171)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Charibditeuthis maculata Vivanti, 1912 by original designation

(Ioteuthion) Pfeffer, 1912:193.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Developmental stage of Pterygioteuthis and Pyroteuthis [fide Pfeffer (1912:193)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Pyroteuthis (Ioteuthion) schnehageni Pfeffer, 1912 by monotypy

(Pterygonepion) Pfeffer, 1912:192.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Pyroteuthis Hoyle, 1904 [fide Naef (1923:269)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Pyroteuthis (Pterygonepion) mediterranea Pfeffer, 1912; species first mentioned

Pyroteuthis Hoyle, 1904:42.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid genus [fide Nesis (1987:171)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Enoploteuthis margaritifera Ruppell, 1844 by original designation

Pterygioteuthis Fischer, 1896:210.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid genus [fide Young (1972:25)]
TYPE SPECIES. -- Pterygioteuthis giardi Fischer, 1896 by monotypy

Nominal Species-Level Taxa (As Introduced Binomial)

Pyroteuthis addolux Young, 1972:22, pls 3b, 4i-q, 4s.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species [fide Young et al. (1998:250)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- SBMNH Holotype 34962 [fide Scott et al. (1990:18)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- 31°39'N, 133°16'W, eastern North Pacific Ocean

Pyroteuthis (Pterygonepion) atlantica Pfeffer, 1912:211.

TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Unresolved; Holotype [= Issel (1908:213, pl 9 figs 22-23)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- 20°41'N, 44°22'W, tropical Atlantic Ocean

Pyroteuthis aurantiacus Joubin, 1912:396.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- See Pyroteuthis margaritifera aurantica Joubin, 1924

Pyroteuthis margaritifera aurantica Joubin, 1924:52, pl 10 figs 4-5.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Pyroteuthis margaritifera (Ruppell, 1844) [fide Voss in Young (1972:24)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- MOM Syntypes (2) [stations 3147 and 3150] [fide Belloc (1950:5)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Near San Miguel, Azores (38°12N, 25°49'W) and (38°01'N, 24°21'W)

Pterygioteuthis gemmata Chun, 1908:87.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species [fide Young et al. (1998:251)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- ZMB Lectotype Moll.-101929a [fide Glaubrecht and Salcedo-Vargas (2000:274)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- "South Atlantic Ocean"; (5°51'N, 21°40'W) [fide Glaubrecht and Salcedo-Vargas (2000:275)]

Pterygioteuthis giardi Fischer, 1896:211, pl 9 figs 1-7.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species [fide Young et al. (1998:251)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- MNHN Holotype 3-7-727 [fide Lu et al. (1995:316)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Marocco [off Morocco]

Pyroteuthis (Pterygioteuthis) giardi hoylei Pfeffer, 1912:206.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid subspecies; Pterygioteuthis giardi hoylei [fide Nesis (1987:181)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Unresolved, Syntypes; [Hoyle (1904:39, pls 7, 9) catalog numbers H.69 - H.72]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Off Cape San Francisco, Galapagos Island, south of Guaylas

Charibditeuthis maculata Vivanti, 1912:91, figs 1-5.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Pyroteuthis margaritifera (Ruppell, 1844) [fide Naef (1923:269)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Type repository unresolved
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Straits of Messina

Enoploteuthis margaritifera Ruppell, 1844:130 [2], fig 1.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species; Pyroteuthis margaritifera [fide Nesis (1987:181)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- BMNH Syntypes (2) 1993012 [fide Lipinski et al. (2000:107)]; SMF Lectotype 26930 [fide Schafer (1938:88)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Messina, Sicily

Pyroteuthis (Pterygonepion) mediterranea Pfeffer, 1912:210.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Pyroteuthis margaritifera (Ruppell, 1844) [fide Naef (1916:17)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Type repository unresolved; Holotype [fide Jatta in LoBianco (1903:171, pl 8 fig 21)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Off Capri, Mediterranean Sea [fide Pfeffer (1912:204)]

Pterygioteuthis microlampas Berry, 1913:566.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species [fide Young et al. (1998:251)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- NMNH Holotype 214386; specimen not extant [fide Sweeney et al. (1988:15)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Kaiwi Channel, Hawaiian Islands

Pyroteuthis margaritifera oceanica Pfeffer, 1912:204.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Undetermined [fide Young et al. (1998:240)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- BMNH Holotype [Hoyle (1886:171, pl 29 fig 11)], not found [fide Lipinski et al. (2000:114)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Off Ambon Island, 4°21'S, 129°07'E

Pyroteuthis (Pterygonepion) planctonica Pfeffer, 1912:210, pl 19 figs 33-34.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. --?Pterygioteuthis giardi Fischer, 1896 [fide Pfeffer (1912:193)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- Unresolved; ZMH? [species not traced in Guerrero-Kommritz (2001)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Type locality not designated

Pyroteuthis (Ioteuthion) schnehageni Pfeffer, 1912:209, pl 19 figs 31-32.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. --?Pterygioteuthis gemmata Chun, 1908 [fide Nesis (1987:181)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- ZMH Holotype [fide Pfeffer (1912:193)] [species not traced in Guerrero-Kommritz (2001)]

Pyroteuthis serrata Riddell, 1985:10, figs 3-4.

CURRENT SYSTEMATIC STATUS. -- Valid species [fide Young et al. (1998:250)]
TYPE REPOSITORY. -- NMNZ Holotype M.89786 [fide Marshall (1996:43)]
TYPE LOCALITY. -- Kermadec Islands

 Type Repositories

BMNH-The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, England (formerly British Museum (Natural History)).  [For type catalog see Lipinski et al. (2000)]

MNHN-Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Laboratoire Biologie Invertebres Marins et Malacologie, 55, rue de Buffon, 75005 Paris 05, France.  [For type catalog see Lu et al. (1995)]

MOM- Musée Océanographique, Avenue Saint-Martin, Monaco-Ville, MC98000, Monaco.  [For type catalog see Belloc (1950)]

NMNH-National Museum of Natural History, 10th & Constitution Avenue, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560, U.S.A. (formerly USNM).  [For type catalogs see Roper and Sweeney (1978); Sweeney et al. (1988)]

NMNZ-National Museum of New Zealand, P.O. Box 467, Wellington, New Zealand (formerly Colonial Museum; Dominion Museum).  [For type catalog see Marshall (1996)]

SBMNH-Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, 2559 Puesta del Sol Road, Santa Barbara, CA 93105, U.S.A.  [For type catalogs see Hertz (1984); Scott et al. (1990)]

ZMB- Zoologisches Museum, Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universitat, Invalidenstrasse 43, D-1040 Berlin, Germany.  [For type catalog see Glaubrecht and Salcedo-Vargas (2000)]

ZMH- Zoologisches Museum, Universitat Hamburg, Martin Luther King Platz 3, 2000 Hamburg 13, Germany.  [For type catalog see Guerrero-Kommritz (2001)]


Belloc, G. 1950.  Catalogue des types de Céphalopodes du Musée Océanographique de Monaco.  Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique, 970:1-10.

Berry, S.S. 1913.  Some new Hawaiian cephalopods.  Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 45(1996):563-566.

Chun, C. 1908.  Uber Cephalopoden der Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition.  Zoologischer Anzeiger, 33(2):86-89.

Chun, C. 1910.  Die Cephalopoden. Oegopsida.  Wissenschaftliche eregebnisse der deutschen tiefsee expedition auf dem dampfer "Valdivia" 1898-1899, 18(1):1-401, 32 figures, 2 text-plates, atlas of 61 plates.

Fischer, H. 1896.  Note préliminaire sur le Pterygioteuthis Giardi, céphalopode nouveau recueilli dans le cours de l'Expédition scientifique du Talisman (1883).  Journal de Conchyliologie, 43(4):205-211, 1 plate.  [date of publication for 43(4) = 1/IX/96]

Glaubrecht, M. and M.A. Salcedo-Vargas. 2000.  Annotated type catalogue of the Cephalopoda (Mollusca) in the Museum für Naturkunde, Humboldt University of Berlin.  Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde Berlin, Zoologischen, 76(2):269-282.

Guerrero-Kommritz, J.G. 2001.  Catalogue of the cephalopod type specimens in the Zoological Museum Hamburg.  Mitteilungen. Hamburgisches Zoologische Museum and Institut, 98:171-174.

Hertz, C.M. 1984.  Illustrations of the types named by S. Stillman Berry in his “Leaflets in Malacology.”  Festivus, 15 (Suppl.):1-42.

Hoyle, W.E. 1886.  Report on the Cephalopoda.  Report on the scientific results of the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76, Zoology, 16(44):1-245, 33 plates.

Hoyle, W.E. 1904.  Reports on the Cephalopoda.  Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, in Cambridge, 43(1):1-72, 12 plates.

Issel, R. 1908.  Raccolte planctoniche fatte dalla R. Nave “Liguria” nel viaggio de circonnavigazione del 1903-05, etc. vol. I, fasc. IV. Molluschi - Parte I. Cefalopodi planctonici.  Pubblicazioni del R. Istituto di Studi Superiori Pratici e di Perfezionamento in Firenze, (Sezione di Scienze Fisiche e Naturali), pages 201-243, plates 9-11.

Joubin, L. 1912.  Sur les Céphalopodes captures en 1911 par S.A.S. le Prince de Monaco.  Comptes Rendus des seances de l'academic des Sciences, 154:395-397.

Joubin, L. 1924.  Contributin a l'Éstude des Céphalopodes de l'Atlantique nord.  Resultats des Campagnes scientifiques accomlies sur son yacht par Albert I Prince souverain de Monaco, 67:1-113, 14 plates.

Lipinski, M.R., F.A. Naggs, and M.A. Roeleveld. 2000.  Catalogue of types of Recent cephalopods in the collection of the Natural History Museum, London.  Annales Zoologici (Warszawa), 50(1):101-120.

LoBianco, S. 1903.  Le pesche abissali esequite de F.A. Krupp col Yacht Puritan nelle adiacenze de Capri ed in altre localita del Mediterraneo.  Mitteilungun Zoologischen Station Neapel, 16(1-2):109-279, 3 plates.

Lu, C.C., R. Boucher-Rodoni and A. Tillier. 1995.  Catalogue of types of recent Cephalopoda in the Museum national d'Histoire Naturelle (France).  Bulletin du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, (series 4)17(3-4):307-343.

Marshall, B.A. 1996.  Molluscan name-bearing types in the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa.  Tuhinga: Records of the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, 9:1-85.

Naef, A. 1916.  Systematische uebersicht der mediterranen Cephalopoden.  Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli, 1:11-19.

Naef, A. 1923.  Die Cephalopoden.  Fauna e Flora de Golfo di Napoli, Monograph 35, 1(1)(part 2):149-863, figures 63-473.

Nesis, K.N. 1982.  Abridged key to the cephalopod Molluscs of the world's oceans. Moscow: Light and Food Industry Publishing House, 385 pages. (In Russian; see Nesis, 1987a for abridged English translation)

Nesis, K.N. 1987.  Cephalopods of the World; Squids, cuttlefishes, Octopuses, and Allies. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ, USA, 351 pages.

Pfeffer, G. 1912.  Die Cephalopoden der Plankton-Expedition. Zugleich eine monographische übersicht der Oegopsiden Cephalopoden.  Ergebnisse der Plankton-Expedition der Humboldt-stiftung, 2:1-815, 48 plates.

Riddell, D.J. 1985.  The Enoploteuthidae (Cephalopoda: Oegopsida) of the New Zealand region.  Fisheries Research Bulletin (N.Z. Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries), 27:1-52, 33 figures.

Roper, C.F.E. and M.J. Sweeney. 1978.  A catalog of the type-specimens of Recent Cephalopoda in the National Museum of Natural History.  Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 278:1-19.

Rüppell, E. 1844.  Intorno ad alcuni cefalopodi del mare di Messina: lettera del Dr. Eduardo Rüppell di Frankfort sul Meno al Prof. Anastasio Cocco.  Giornale del Gabinetto Letteràrio di Messina, 5(27-28):129-135, 2 figures.

Schafer, W. 1938.  Die typen de von Rüppell 1844 beschriebenen Cephalopoden.  Senckenbergiana, 20(1/2):80-94.

Scott, P.H., F.G. Hochberg and B. Roth. 1990.  Catalog of Recent and fossil molluscan types in the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. I. Caudofoveata, Polyplacophora, Bivalvia, Scaphopoda and Cephalopoda.  The Veliger, 33(Suppl. 1):1-27.

Sweeney, M.J., C.F.E. Roper, and F.G. Hochberg. 1988.  Catalog of the type specimens of Recent Cephalopoda described by S. Stillman Berry.  Malacologia, 29(1):7-19.

Vivanti, A. 1912.  Charibditeuthis maculata n.g. n.sp., nuovo cefalopodo abissale dello Stretto di Messina. Nota preliminare.  Rivista Mensile di Pesca e Idrobiologia, 14(4-6):89-96, 5 figures.

Vivanti, A. 1914.  Contributo alla conoscenza dei Cefalopodi abissali del Mediterraneo. Ricerche sulla Carybditeuthis maculata n.g. n.sp. dello Stretto di Messina.  Archivio Zoologico Italino, 7(4):55-79, 35 figures.

Young, R.E. 1972.  The systematics and areal distribution of pelagic cephalopods from the seas off southern California.  Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 97:1-159, 15 figures, 38 plates.

Young, R.E., L.A. Burgess, C.F.E. Roper, M.J. Sweeney and S.J. Stephen. 1998.  Classification of the Enoploteuthidae, Pyroteuthidae and Ancistrocheiridae, pp. 239-255. In: N.A. Voss, M. Vecchione, R.B. Toll and M.J. Sweeney (Eds.) Systematics and Biogeography of Cephalopods. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 586(I-II), 599 pages.

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