TaractroceriniAndrew V. Z. Brower and Andrew Warren
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
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Taractrocerini is an Australasian group, whose westernmost exemplars reach Pakistan and Sri Lanka, and whose center of diversity is New Guinea. Larvae feed on grasses and other monocots.
de Jong (2008) lists the following characters for the members of this tribe:
- presence of a long thin tuft of hairs at the base of the costa of the hindwing fitting into a groove on the underside of the forewing under the radius
- strongly simplified male genitalia, lacking a gnathos and with valvae not subdivided into discrete parts
Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships
The tree is based on the phylogenetic analysis of Warren et al. (2009), with the positions of genera not sampled by them hypothesized based on the discussion in de Jong and Treadaway (2007) and de Jong (2008). The character uniting Banta, Kobrona, Mimene and Sabera is presence of antennae which are longer than half the costa, with as many segments of the nudum on the club as on the apiculus.
de Jong, R. 2008 Notes on some skippers of the Taractrocera-group (Lepipdoptera: Hesperiide: Hesperiinae) from New Guinea. Zool. Med. Leiden 82, 73-80.
de Jong, R. & Treadaway, C. G. 2007 Hesperiidae of the Philippine Islands. In Butterflies of the World, Supplement 15 (ed. E. Bauer & T. Frankenbach), pp. 1-72. Keltern: Goecke & Elvers.
Warren, A. D., Ogawa, J. R. & Brower, A. V. Z. 2008 Phylogenetic relationships of subfamilies and circumscription of tribes in the family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Hesperiodea). Cladistics 24, 642-676.
Warren, A. D., Ogawa, J. R. & Brower, A. V. Z. 2009 Revised classification of the family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea) based on combined molecular and morphological data. Systematic Entomology 34, 467-523.
About This Page
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at and Andrew Warren at
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- First online 04 March 2007
- Content changed 30 July 2009
Citing this page:
Brower, Andrew V. Z. and Andrew Warren. 2009. Taractrocerini http://tolweb.org/Taractrocerini/94930/2009.07.30 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 30 July 2009 (under construction).