PyrginaeAndrew V. Z. Brower and Andrew Warren
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
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Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships
Pyrginae as circumscribed here (based on the phylogenetic analysis of Warren et al., 2008) includes Pyrrhopygini (formerly viewed as a distinct subfamily) and excludes Eudaminae, a separate subfamily comprising such familiar "pyrgine" genera as Astraptes and Urbanus.
Warren, A. D., Ogawa, J. R. & Brower, A. V. Z. 2008 Phylogenetic relationships of subfamilies and circumscription of tribes in the family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Hesperiodea). Cladistcs 24, 642-676.
About This Page
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at and Andrew Warren at
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Page: Tree of Life Pyrginae Authored by . Andrew V. Z. Brower and Andrew Warren. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 04 March 2007
- Content changed 07 April 2008
Citing this page:
Brower, Andrew V. Z. and Andrew Warren. 2008. Pyrginae http://tolweb.org/Pyrginae/12152/2008.04.07 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 07 April 2008 (under construction).