Promachoteuthis sp. BRichard E. Young and Michael Vecchione
Promachoteuthis sp. B is known mostly from three, very small specimens (10.5, 16.4 and 17 mm ML) and from one larger (50 mm ML) squid, recently described by Salcedo-Vargas and Guerrero-Kommrits (2000) as Promachoteuthis sp., that probably belongs to this species. If this latter identification is correct, then this species is the only member of the genus with a distribution in both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
- with nuchal fusion between head and mantle.
- with arm suckers about equal in size to club suckers.
- with tentacle base wider than arm III base.
- with extremely small eyes.
- Arms short (20-25% of ML).
- Arms short (20-25% of ML).
- Short, thick (length < ML); base wider than arms III.
- Proximal club boundary with tentacle stalk marked by distinct reduction in tentacle diameter.
- Club bears about 20 series of suckers.
- Large club suckers approximately the same size as large arm suckers (judging from drawings).
- No dark pigment band near base; stalk lightly pigmented.
- Head and funnel
- Head fused to mantle in nuchal region.
- Eyes very small (0.8 mm in 17 mm ML squid).
The above discription is taken from Roper and Young (1968). More details of the description can be found here.
The smallest known specimen (see drawing) is 10.5 mm ML and looks much like the larger specimen except that the fins are relatively smaller.
Promachoteuthis sp. B was originally described from two locations in the eastern South Pacific at 33°18'S, 72°27'W (0-1800 m) and 56°06'S, 79°04'W (ca. 0-1400 m). Toll (1982) described the gladius of another specimen from the same general area at 34°11'S, 80°46°W (0-2972 m) which was subsequently illustrated in Voss (1992). Voss (1992) reported a forth, undescribed, specimen from about 57°S, 170°E, in the western South Pacific, south of New Zealand. A fifth squid, that we tentatively identify to this species, was described by Salcedo-Vargas and Guerrero-Kommritz (2000) from the western North Atlantic at 42°44'N, 13°29.W (depth not given). If these are all correct identifications, this species has the broadest distribution of any species in the genus.
Okutani, T. 1983. Rare and interesting squid from Japan. VIII. Rediscovery of Promachoteuthis megaptera Hoyle, 1885 (Oegopsida: Promachoteuthidae). Venus 42: 241-247.
Roper, C. F. E. and R. E. Young. 1968. The family Promachoteuthidae (Cephalopoda: Oegopsida). I. A re-evaluation of its systematic position based on new material from Antarctic and adjacent waters. Ant. Res. Ser. 11: 203-214.
Salcedo-Vargas, M. A. and J. Guerrero-Kommritz. 2000. Three new cephalopods from the Atlantic Ocean. Mitt. Hamb. Zool. Mus. Inst., 97: 31-44.
Voss N. A. 1992. Family Promachoteuthidae. Smithson. Contr. Zool., 513: 183-185.
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University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D. C. , USA
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Young, Richard E. and Michael Vecchione. 2003. Promachoteuthis sp. B. Version 01 January 2003. http://tolweb.org/Promachoteuthis_sp._B/19530/2003.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/