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Only two extant species of Prolixocupes are known: Prolixocupes latreillei (Solier, 1849) from central Chile and western areas of Argentina close to the Chilean border between 25° and 35° southern latitude, and Prolixocupes lobiceps (Leconte, 1874) from western North America where it was found in a few localities in California and Arizona (USA).
The larvae of both species are unknown. Papp (1961) described an association of P. lobiceps with Plantanus racemosa Nutt. but beyond this nothing is known about the food sources and larval host plants.
Both species were originally described in the genus Cupes. Neboiss (1960) transferred them to his newly established genus Prolixocupes. Atkins (1963) identified Cupes boycei Papp, 1961 as a junior synonym of P. lobiceps.
Both species are of similar size, with P. lobiceps being a little bit smaller (c.10mm long & 3mm wide, P. latreillei is c. 12 mm long & 3 mm wide).
Characteristic features of the genus are the strong, long antennae, which are slightly serrate (more strongly in P. latreillei) and distinctly decrease in diameter from the basal to the distal antennomeres.
Both species also have the typical cupedine dorsal head protuberances, which are very large and bulbous. This feature is distinctly more conspicuous in P. lobiceps than in P. latreillei.
Atkins, M. D. 1963. The Cupedidae of the world. Canadian Entomologist 95: 140-162.
Hörnschemeyer, T., 2009. The species-level phylogeny of archostematan beetles - where do Micromalthus debilis and Crowsoniella relicta belong? Systematic Entomology 34(3): 533-558.
Leconte, J. L. 1874. On the Cupesidae of North America. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 5: 87-88.
Neboiss, A. 1960. On the family Cupedidae, Coleoptera. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 72(1): 12-20.
Neboiss, A. 1984. Reclassification of Cupes Fabricius (s.lat.), with descriptions of new genera and species (Cupedidae: Coleoptera). Systematic Entomology 9:443-447.
Papp, C. S. 1961. Cupes boycei from Platanus racemosa Nutt. in California with a key to Nearctic species. Entomologische Berichten, Amsterdam 21: 210-214.
Solier, A. J. J. 1849. Coleópteros in Gay, C. (Ed.): Historia Fisica y Política de Chile. Zoologia Vol. 4. Privately published, Paris: 105-508.
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- Content changed 07 December 2010
Citing this page:
Hörnschemeyer, Thomas. 2010. Prolixocupes http://tolweb.org/Prolixocupes/9034/2010.12.07 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 07 December 2010 (under construction).