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red and orange tiger moth
taxon links [up-->]Notodontidae Phylogenetic position of group is uncertain[down<--]Ditrysia Interpreting the tree
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The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

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Containing group: Ditrysia


Kitching, I. J. and J. E. Rawlins. 1999. The Noctuoidea. Pages 355-401 in: Lepidoptera: Moths and Butterflies. 1. Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography. Handbook of Zoology Vol. IV, Part 35. N. P. Kristensen, ed. De Gruyter, Berlin and New York.

Miller, J. S. 1991. Cladistics and classification of the Notodontidae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea) based on larval and adult morphology. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 204:1-230.

Mitchell, A., C. Mitter, and J. C. Regier. 2000. More taxa or more characters revisited: Combining data from nuclear protein-encoding genes for phylogenetic analyses of Noctuoidea (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Systematic Biology 49(2):202-224.

Speidel, W., H. Fanger, and C. M. Naumann. 1996. The phylogeny of the Noctuidae (Lepidoptera). Systematic Entomology 21(3): 219-251.

Speidel, W. and C. M. Naumann. 2004. A survey of family-group names in noctuoid moths (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Systematics and Biodiversity 2(2):191-221.

Weller, S. J., D. P. Pashley, J. A. Martin, and J. L. Constable. 1994. Phylogeny of noctuoid moths and the utility of combining independent nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Systematic Biology 43(2):194-211.

Title Illustrations
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red and orange tiger moth
Scientific Name Apantesis ornata (Arctiidae)
Location Mount Bruno (San Mateo County, California, USA)
Comments Ornate tiger moth
Creator T. W. Davies
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Collection CalPhotos
Copyright © 1999 California Academy of Sciences
Scientific Name Heliothis virescens (Noctuidae)
Comments Tobacco budworm
Acknowledgements Photograph courtesy InsectImages.org (#0027075)
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Collection Bugwood Network/Forestry Images
Copyright © J. Michael Moore, the University of Georgia
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Page: Tree of Life Noctuoidea. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2009. Noctuoidea. Version 10 August 2009 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Noctuoidea/12035/2009.08.10 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

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