Heliconius egeriaMargarita Beltrán
An Amazonian Heliconius species exhibiting the common red-and-yellow "dennis/ray" mimetic wing pattern.
Etymology: Egeria was a water nymph and a goddess. She took care of Hippolytus, son of Theseus (founder of Athens) after he was raised from the dead, until he changed his name and became Virbius. She was most famously the second wife and counselor of the second king of Rome, Numa Pompilius.
Early stages: Eggs are cream and approximately 1.2 x 0.9 mm (h x w). Females usually place 1 to 3 eggs on growing shoots of the host plant. Mature larvae have a orange body, with black head and scoli, length is around 2 cm. Caterpillars are gregarious. (Brown, 1981).
Heliconius egeria is distributed in the Eastern Amazon. This map shows an approximate representation of the geographic distribution of this species. The original data used to draw these maps are derived from Brown (1979) which is available at Keith S. Brown Jr. (1979). Ecological Geography and Evolution in Neotropical Forests
H. egeria occurs from sea level to 1,300 m in the forest canopy. Usually individuals fly rapidly and in the canopy. Females mate multiply and adults roost solitarily at night 2-10 m above the ground on twigs or tendrils.
Host plant: H. egeria larvae feed primarily on plants from the genus Passiflora, subgenus Distephana (Brown, 1981).
Brown K. S. 1981 The Biology of Heliconius and Related Genera. Annual Review of Entomology 26, 427-456.
Cramer P. [1721_1776] 1975 De uitlandische Kapellen voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America. Papillons exotiques des trois parties du monde l'Asie, l'Afrique et l'Amérique. Amsteldam, S. J. Baalde; Utrecht, Barthelemy Wild and J. Van Schoonho-ven & Comp. 1(1/7): i-xxx, 1-16, 1-132, pls. 1-84.
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University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
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- First online 18 February 2007
- Content changed 12 August 2008
Citing this page:
Beltrán, Margarita. 2008. Heliconius egeria http://tolweb.org/Heliconius_egeria/72248/2008.08.12 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 12 August 2008 (under construction).