EueidesMargarita Beltrán, Chris Jiggins, and Andrew V. Z. Brower
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The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
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Etymology: Euides means shapely, comely (Eueides). From the greek prefixes eu- good , favourable , easy (Lederer, 1967) and the greek adjectival suffix –eides- eidos that means form (Creisler, 1996).
Early stages: The larvae are similar to Heliconius, except that they are more colourful and feed only on mature leaves. The larvae are solitary in some species, gregarious in others, and seem to show indications of larval mimicry in some species (i.e., Eueides vibilia vialis in Costa Rica). The pupae are highly distinctive, with four dorsal spines that are usually spread out into a X shape, and a strong curve to the abdomen that causes suspended pupae to be held horizontally to the substrate (DeVries, 1997) (see each species for more details).
Adults: The butterflies in this genus are similar to Heliconius but are recognized by the smaller size, a relatively short body, and short antennae (see each species for more details). The colour patterns show mimetic resemblance to tiger-striped species, Heliconius and Actinote, and others seem to form mimicry complexes with Dryas and other Eueides species (DeVries, 1997).
The genus ranges from Mexico through Central and South America and the West Indies, and most are found in the Amazon Basin (DeVries, 1997) (see maps attached to each species).
Eueides species are mostly canopy-flying insects and tend to live in localized populations near the hostplant.
Hostplants: Eueides larvae feed on Passifloraceae and Turneraceae; host plants include vines and trees (Brown, 1981; DeVries, 1997) (see each species for more details).
Beltrán, M., Jiggins, C. D., Brower, A. V. Z., Bermingham, E. & Mallet, J. 2007 Do pollen feeding, pupal-mating and larval gregariousness have a single origin in Heliconius butterflies? Inferences from multilocus DNA sequence data. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 92, 221-239.
Brower, A. V. Z. & Egan, M. G. 1997 Cladistics of Heliconius butterflies and relatives (Nymphalidae: Heliconiiti): the phylogenetic position of Eueides based on sequences from mtDNA and a nuclear gene. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 264, 969-977.
Brown K. S. 1981 The Biology of Heliconius and Related Genera. Annual Review of Entomology 26, 427-456.
Creisler B. 1996 The Etymology of Chelodina Fitzinger, 1826 (Testudines: Chelidae. Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 30, No. 4 (Dec., 1996), pp. 556-556.
DeVries P. J. 1997 The Butterflies of Costa Rica and Their Natural History, Volume I: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae Princeton University Press, Baskerville, USA.
Eueides. The Main-Word Info page. http://www.wordinfo.info/words/index/info/view_unit/705 [Accessed Agust 16, 2008].
Hübner J. 1816. Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge [sic]. Augsburg, Jacob Hübner. (1): 1-16 (21 September-31 December)
Lederer R. 1967 Shaping the Dystopian Nightmare.The English Journal, Vol. 56, No. 8 (Nov., 1967), pp. 1132-1135.
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Margarita Beltrán at , Chris Jiggins at , and Andrew V. Z. Brower at
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- First online 29 October 2006
- Content changed 25 February 2009
Citing this page:
Beltrán, Margarita, Chris Jiggins, and Andrew V. Z. Brower. 2009. Eueides http://tolweb.org/Eueides/70440/2009.02.25 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 25 February 2009 (under construction).