DinapsisScott Richard Shaw
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Dinapsis is known only from the southern Afrotropical region. For many years the genus was known only by the type-species, Dinapsis turneri, described by Waterston (1922) from a single specimen collected in South Africa (Cape Province). Hedqvist (1967) described an additional five new species of Dinapsis (Shaw 1990b). Recent collections from Madagascar by a research team from the California Academy of Sciences has yielded specimens of at least 17 additional undescribed species. The biology of Dinapsis is not known, but these wasps have been successfully collected by Malaise traps and yellow pans placed in areas of primary forest. The genus is currently being revised by the author.
Dinapsis species are small wasps ranging from 2.5 to 4.5 mm in length. Males are distinctly smaller than females. Some species are black or brown, while others are orange or reddish brown with bright yellow or white markings. Synapomorphies for Dinapsis species include the distinctive coloration of the antenna, the unusual form of the fore wing venation, and the distictive pattern of propodeal sculpture. The antennal flagellum is banded with a white annulus (ring). The radial sector of the fore wing curves abruptly towards the anterior wing margin, forming a short and distictive marginal cell. The propodeum is strongly sculptured with several parallel longitudinal carinae (ridges), and variable numbers of transverse (cross) carinae.
Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships
The genus Dinapsis is the sister-group to the Oriental genus Ettchellsia (Shaw, 1990b). The arrangement of species given here is based on an analysis of 26 external morphological characters (Shaw, unpublished data). It should be kept in mind that this is only a preliminary framework for understanding dinapsine diversity based on the species named so far (there are at least 17 undescribed species from Madagascar, not yet included in this tree). Two aspects are worth mentioning. First, the South African species, D. turneri, appears to be the most basal lineage in the genus. Second, the Madagascar species appear to comprise a monophyletic group that is hyperdiverse in that area.
Hedqvist, K.V. 1967. Notes on Megalyridae [Hym. Ichneumonoidea] and description of new species from Madagascar. Annal. Soc. ent. Fr. (N.S.) 3:239-246.
Shaw, S. R. 1990b. Phylogeny and biogeography of the parasitoid wasp family Megalyridae (Hymenoptera). Journal of Biogeography 17:569-581.
Waterston, J. 1922. A new family of Hymenoptera from South Africa. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (9)10:418-420.
Information on the Internet
- waspweb: Dinapsis. Museums Online South Africa.
About This Page
Scott Richard Shaw
University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Scott Richard Shaw at
Page copyright © 2005 Scott Richard Shaw
All Rights Reserved.
- First online 18 February 2005
Citing this page:
Shaw, Scott Richard. 2005. Dinapsis. Version 18 February 2005 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Dinapsis/28845/2005.02.18 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/