BiblidinaeNiklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
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This subfamily has traditionally been viewed as belonging to the "Limenitidinae" s. l., which has been shown to be polyphyletic (Brower 2000, Wahlberg et al. 2003, Freitas & Brown 2004). Most of the species of Biblidinae are neotropical, but there are some Old World representatives in Biblidini and Epicaliini.
Brower, A. V. Z. 2000 Phylogenetic relationships among the Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera) inferred from partial sequences of the wingless gene. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 267, 1201-1211.
Freitas, A. V. L. & Brown, K. S. J. 2004 Phylogeny of the Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera). Systematic Biology 53, 363-383.
Lamas G ed. 2004. Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea - Papiionoidea. Gainesville: Scientific Publishers/Association of Tropical Lepidoptera.
Wahlberg, N., Weingartner, E. & Nylin, S. 2003 Towards a better understanding of the higher systematics of Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 28, 473-484.
About This Page
University of Turku, Finland
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Niklas Wahlberg at and Andrew V. Z. Brower at
Page copyright © 2009 Niklas Wahlberg and
Page: Tree of Life Biblidinae Authored by . Niklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 25 September 2006
- Content changed 07 September 2007
Citing this page:
Wahlberg, Niklas and Andrew V. Z. Brower. 2007. Biblidinae http://tolweb.org/Biblidinae/69947/2007.09.07 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 07 September 2007 (under construction).