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Bhutanitis lidderdalii Atkinson, 1873

Vazrick Nazari
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Containing group: Bhutanitis


The life history of this species has been discussed in detail by Talbot (1939) and Igarashi (1989). The genitalia have been illustrated and discussed by Saigusa (1973), Saigusa and Lee (1982) and Chou (1992). Saigusa (1973) proposed a system of wing pattern character coding based on the wing pattern of B. lidderdalii.

Geographical Distribution

This species is found in northern India, northern Burma, Bhutan, west and southwest China, and northern Thailand (Chou, 1994).

Geographical Variation

Beside the nominal subspecies, B. lidderdalii lidderdalii Atkinson, 1873 (Type locality: Buxa, Bhutan), three other subspecies are recognized: B. l. spinosa Stichel, 1907 (Type locality: Sichuan, W. China.), B. l. ocellatomaculata Igarashi, 1979 (Type locality: Chiang-Mai, northern Thailand), and B. l. nobucoae Morita, 1997 (Type locality: N. Kachin, Myanmar) (Coote, 2000).

Larval Food Plant

The larvae of B. lidderdalii feed on species of Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae). Recorded host species include A. griffithii, A. kaempferii, A. mandshuriensis, A. shimadai and A. debilis (Igarashi, 1985, 1989).


Atkinson, W.S., 1873. Description of a new genus and species of Papilionidae from the south-eastern Himalayas. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1873: 570-572.

Chou, I., 1992. A Study on the rare butterflies of the genus Bhutanitis (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) with descriptions of two new species. Entomotaxonomia, 14: 48-54.

Chou, I., 1994. Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium. Volume 1: 408 pp. Henan Scientific and Technological Publishing House, China.

Coote, L., 2000. CITES identification guide - Butterflies: Guide to the Identification of Butterfly Species Controlled Under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. Ottawa: Canadian Wildlife Service.

Igarashi, S., 1979. A new papilionid butterfly of the genus Bhutanitis from northern Thailand. Tyō to Ga 30: 69-72.

Igarashi, S., 1985. Some ecological observations on Bhutanitis lidderdali inhabiting misty forsests. Yadoriga 123: 24-26.

Igarashi, S., 1989. On the life history of Bhutanitis lidderdalei Atkinson in Bhutan (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Tyō to Ga 40: 1-21.

Saigusa, T., 1973. A phylogeny of the genus Luehdorfia. Konchū-to-Shizen 8: 5-18.

Saigusa, T., Lee, C., 1982. A rare papilionid butterfly Bhutanitis mansfieldi (Riley), its rediscovery, new subspecies and phylogenetic position. Tyō to Ga 33: 1-24.

Talbot, G., 1939. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Butterflies, Vol. I. Taylor and Francis Ltd., London.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Bhutanitis lidderdalii
Location Thailand
Acknowledgements The Natural History Museum Picture Library
Specimen Condition Dead Specimen
Copyright © The Natural History Museum, London
About This Page

Vazrick Nazari
Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, Ottawa, Canada

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Vazrick Nazari at

Page: Tree of Life Bhutanitis lidderdalii Atkinson, 1873. Authored by Vazrick Nazari. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Nazari, Vazrick. 2006. Bhutanitis lidderdalii Atkinson, 1873. Version 07 July 2006 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Bhutanitis_lidderdalii/65412/2006.07.07 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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